/Who’s involved in the Trump impeachment inquiry
State and national security aides who heard or raised concerns

Who’s involved in the Trump impeachment inquiry


State and national security aides who heard or raised concerns

Longtime government officials in the State Department and National Security Council have been called to testify or produce documents. These officials brought up or dealt with concerns about Trump’s dealings with Ukraine. Two have recently resigned, and Marie Yovanovitch, a 33-year veteran of State, was abruptly removed in the spring as U.S. ambassador to Ukraine.

George P. Kent

George P. Kent

Deputy assistant secretary of state responsible for Ukraine

Involvement: Alleges that he and other career officials were sidelined after a May meeting organized by Mulvaney put Volker, Sondland and Perry in charge of Ukraine policy. Read more

Background: In more than 25 years in the Foreign Service, Kent has been the deputy chief of mission in Kyiv and leader of anti-corruption campaign in Europe. He currently oversees policy for several countries including Ukraine.

Marie “Masha” Yovanovitch

Marie “Masha” Yovanovitch

Former U.S. ambassador to Ukraine

Involvement: Ambassadorship was abruptly terminated in May, allegedly after direct pressure from Trump and months of complaints from Giuliani. Read more

Background: A member of the Foreign Service since 1986, Yovanovitch has served as ambassador to Armenia, Kyrgyzstan and Ukraine.

Michael McKinley

Michael McKinley

Former senior adviser to Secretary of State Mike Pompeo

Involvement: Resigned in October over mistreatment of career U.S. diplomats, particularly Yovanovitch, and pressure placed on Ukraine to investigate Trump’s political rivals Read more

Background: A State Department senior officer who has held a range of diplomatic posts, including ambassador to Afghanistan, Colombia, Peru and Brazil. Recruited by Pompeo last year as a policy adviser and a conduit between his office and the career service.

Philip Reeker

Philip Reeker

Acting assistant secretary of European and Eurasian affairs

Involvement: Expressed concerns to top State Dept. officials over a smear campaign against former Ukrainian ambassador Yovanovitch and pushed for the department to publicly support her. Read more

Background: A career foreign service officer, Reeker has served as ambassador to Macedonia and U.S. counsel general in Milan.

William “Bill” Taylor

William “Bill” Taylor

Acting ambassador to Ukraine

Involvement: Wrote in text messages with the U.S. ambassador to the E.U. that “it’s crazy” to withhold military aid as leverage. Later testified that military aid and a White House invitation for President Zelensky were conditional on Ukrainian investigations into the Bidens and 2016 election interference. Read more

Background: Taylor is a retired former ambassador to Ukraine and foreign policy elder statesman. He is currently acting ambassador to Ukraine, but took the role on as a temporary assignment and is expected to return to his senior position at the U.S. Institute for Peace sometime next year.

Fiona Hill

Fiona Hill

Former senior official for Russia and Europe on the National Security Council (NSC)

Involvement: Expressed concerns to NSC lawyer John Eisenberg about Ukraine shadow policy carried out by Giuliani, Sondland and Volker. Read more

Background: Hill joined the NSC in 2017 as a senior director for Europe and Russia and an interagency liaison. She left the job in August. Prior to the NSC, Hill served on the National Intelligence Council from 2006 to 2009 and then worked at The Brookings Institution for over a decade.

Alexander S. Vindman

Alexander S. Vindman

National Security Council (NSC) director for European affairs

Involvement: Vindman attended a meeting between U.S. and Ukrainian government officials where Sondland pushed for Ukraine to investigate the 2016 election and the Biden family in exchange for a meeting with President Trump. He also listened in on the July 25 phone call between Presidents Trump and Zelensky. In both instances, he reported concerns to the NSC’s lead counsel. Read more

Background: A member of the U.S. Army for over two decades, Vindman joined the NSC in July 2018. He’s specialized in Eurasian policy for over a decade, working in the Russian and Ukrainian embassies. At the age of three he fled the Soviet Union with his family.

Charles Kupperman

Charles Kupperman

Former Deputy National Security Advisor

Involvement: Kupperman listened in on the July 25 phone call between Presidents Trump and Zelensky.

Background: Served various roles in the Reagan adminstration before spending decades in the national security industry. Kupperman joined the NSC in 2018 and served as deputy to national security adviser John Bolton from Jan. to Sept. 2019. He departed shortly after Bolton resigned.

Suriya Jayanti

Suriya Jayanti

Foreign Service officer

Involvement: Focused on the energy industry, Jayanti heard complaints from an American businessman of efforts to oust ambassador Yovanovitch and attempts by Perry to influence the board of Ukraine’s state-owned petrolum company. Read more

Background: Jayanti has been a Foreign Service officer since 2012.

Catherine Croft

Catherine Croft

State Department Special Adviser for Ukraine

Involvement: Expected to testify about former special envoy to Ukraine Kurt Volker’s role in pushing for Ukrainian investigations into the 2016 election and Biden family.

Background: Croft previously served on the National Security Council.

Christopher Anderson

Christopher Anderson

Former State Department aide to Kurt Volker

Involvement: Expected to testify about former special envoy to Ukraine Kurt Volker’s role in pushing for Ukrainian investigations into the 2016 election and Biden family.

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